Additional Resources

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Make sure that all material mentioned in the bibliography appears in the written outline in some format. Speakers can easily forget to mention their sources during the actual speech if they forget to reference them in the outline.

The resources provided on this page apply exclusively to the written outline and not the speech itself (as discussed in this chapter, the speaker needs to employ a more conversational approach when citing sources during the speech’s delivery). Scribber provides wonderful tips for guiding students through all phases of creating original works within academia.

A large number of educational institutions require APA or MLA formatting. Visit the following hyperlinked websites for additional assistance with creating either APA or MLA citations. When using an online citation generator, always check the final draft against the guidelines hyperlinked above.

Using proper formatting, remember to provide a bibliography/works cited for all of the speech’s source material at the conclusion of the speech’s outline.


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Messages that Matter: Public Speaking in the Information Age - Third Edition Copyright © 2023 by North Idaho College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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